29 June – Camera Day
There is no better day than Camera Day to snap some photos during your lunch hour, on your way to work, or whenever a moment of inspiration strikes.
Cameras and photography have developed substantially over the years, from their early roots with the French inventor Joseph Niépce right up to modern day digital photography.
Joseph Niépce was a French inventor. He is most noted as one of the inventors of photography and was a pioneer in the field. He developed the heliograph – a technique used to produce the world’s first known photograph – in 1825: the view from the window at Le Gras the families estate.
In 1839, Louis Jacques Daguerre took the first fixed image that didn’t fade. He is recognised for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography. He became known as one of the fathers of photography. His method required 30 minutes of exposure. He named the process – the Daguerreotype. Tintypes were developed in 1856 by Hamilton Smith and decades later, George Eastman invented flexible and unbreakable film that could be rolled. This was the birth of the first Kodak that was offered for sale in 1888.
In 1925 the Leica I went on sale. The Leica’s immediate popularity spawned a number of competitors. Kodak released its Retina I in 1934. Though 35 mm cameras were still out of reach for most people, things would soon change with the introduction of the inexpensive Argus A in 1936. The Japanese camera industry began with the birth of Canon in 1936 with its 35 mm rangefinder.
While conventional cameras were becoming more refined and sophisticated, an entirely new type of camera appeared on the market in 1948. While TSLR and SLR were still the rage, this new camera would change the way people would capture memories. This was the Polaroid: the world’s first instant-picture camera – no development needed. Known as a Land Camera, after its inventor Edwin Land, this camera was able to produce finished positive prints from the exposed negatives in under a minute. This new camera took the market by storm; people no longer had to sit still for long periods of time in order for their photographer to snap a picture.
The first digital camera that was commercially sold in December of 1989 in Japan, was the DS-X by Fuji. In 1991, Kodak brought to market the Kodak DCS-100, the beginning of a long line of professional Kodak DCS SLR cameras.
With the standardisation of JPEG and MPEG in 1988 (which allowed images and video files to be compressed for storage onto a SD or CF card), Nikon introduced Nikon D1 in 1999. The D1 was inexpensive for professional photographers and high-end consumers and the camera also used Nikon F-mount lenses, which meant photographers could utilise many of the lenses they already owned.
By 2010, nearly all mobile phones featured built-in cameras with a resolution of 1-2 megapixels. Many cameras also featured built-in GPS.
If you do get out and about with your camera today, be sure to share your images. Let’s see how you have celebrated Camera Day.